Getting ahead with a multicloud environment
The IT infrastructure in most agencies was built for a less complex environment and conflicts with many of today's requirements. Agencies must find a way to take advantage of disruptive technologies, such as cloud computing, without disturbing their ability to deliver on their core missions.
Cost and energy savings are compelling agencies to move from legacy systems to cloud environments. The “Federal Cloud Computing Strategy,” rolled out in 2011, addresses the fact that new data centers can take years to provision and even months to add capacity. Cloud computing's start-small approach lets agencies develop and test applications with smaller initial investments than traditional IT models. At the same time, the pay-as-you go model makes the cloud very appealing.
However, government cloud adoption is lagging. A Government Accountability Office report from 2014 said that one of the reasons is because existing legacy systems are not due to be modernized or replaced. Other challenges -- such as the decentralized structure of technology investments, complex procurement, managing an appropriate cloud migration, data governance/control issues, lack of insight into vendor technologies and capabilities and concern about vendor lock-in -- has severely impacted the success of cloud adoption.
However, understanding how an agency fits into the use cases for government is the first step in justifying the switch to the cloud. Other reasons include capabilities for the following:
Data analytics on demand. By integrating on-premises computers with pay-per-use cloud computing resources in a seamless user experience, government big data analysts working with massive datasets can shave wait times down to a fraction of an hour.
Distributing applications to users. With smaller footprints in more geographically dispersed collection points connected to the cloud for computing power, agencies can decrease latency, improve reliability and reduce network costs.
Internet of things. By integrating existing systems with various cloud platforms that can seamlessly share data, agencies can provide new digital products and services to demonstrate rapid innovation.
Disaster recovery and continuity of operations. Unplanned outages occur for reasons as routine as human error or hardware failure, and as extreme as natural disasters or acts of terrorism. Simple and cost-effective geographic distribution of disaster recovery sites or mix-and-match cloud services give agencies the redundancy and resiliency they need to still deliver, even in the event of a disaster.
Multicloud flexibility. A multicloud environment introduces the ability to seamlessly use compute power from multiple cloud providers or to easily migrate data from one cloud to another.
The interconnected cloud ecosystem
As government is pushed to think digitally, hybrid and multicloud environments are being seen as the logical next step in the value chain since integrating users, services, capacity and connectivity creates a much better user experience. Connectivity across clouds could be the most important feature of all, as standalone cloud environments can be as isolating as traditional IT infrastructure.
Some agencies have turned to the public internet to connect to clouds only to find that security and performance issues in using the public internet introduce more hurdles. Others have explored establishing dedicated links (via multiprotocol label switching extensions) from their network to each chosen cloud provider. However, this approach is expensive, requires more connections, takes months to provision and leads to vendor lock-in.
To achieve the promise of digital transformation, an interconnected government must use a new strategy to directly and securely connect people, locations, clouds and data. Integrating an interconnection-first approach with a cloud-first strategy enables digital users to gain access to multiple clouds from any location or any device. This paradigm accelerates a new level of interconnection to the multicloud environment and gives users the following benefits:
- A secure, single point of interconnection to multiple cloud providers.
- Extension of the network edge by bypassing the public internet.
- Greater security and compliance with country-based data sovereignty regulations.
- Optimized network security services.
- Low-cost, fast access.
- On-demand scalability.
Government cloud pioneers are demonstrating real and significant cost savings. They are getting unprecedented abilities to scale up and down quickly, are not being locked in and even get enhanced levels of security. Although each agency has a unique mission, security requirements and IT landscapes, the benefits of an interconnected government address every possible scenario.
An interconnected cloud ecosystem creates a high-speed fabric of globally distributed cloud-based points of presence, expanded out to the digital edge. Just as the General Services Administration's Data Center Shared Services Marketplace is envisioned to be “the central location where agencies can choose from an inventory of data center services, automated management tools and products to achieve efficiency and cost savings,” an interconnected cloud ecosystem offers a neutral marketplace for providers and consumers to come together.
The government cloud marketplace is maturing, and agencies are becoming both providers and consumers of cloud services. This opens up new avenues for shared services. In order to fulfill the potential for an interconnected government, this “platform layer” of digital services requires participation by the broadest ecosystem of network and service providers so agencies can take advantage of all that digital transformation can offer.
Jody McCann is senior director for government strategy and partnerships at Equinix.