money floating into the clouds (Rrraum/

What's behind the overspending on cloud services?

A recent study tries to determine why and how organizations end up paying too much for cloud services.

Although cost savings is often cited as a potential benefit to moving to the cloud, once organizations have migrated, they often find achieving that savings to be easier said than done, according to  migration analytics firm TSO Logic.  Attempts to control  spending are often stymied  by cloud service providers' complex billing models, constantly changing service offerings and increasingly decentralized cloud usage patterns.

In its December report, TSO Logic argued that cloud waste begins even before the migration. Because the vast majority of on-premises workloads (84 percent) are already over-provisioned, TSO Logic said,  a like-for-like migration of those workloads to the cloud -- without any configuration changes -- only results in continued wasted spend.

"Some workloads may be in use 100% of the time, some may be in use just 10% of the time. Some may reflect 5% utilization for 29 days per month, but 100% peak utilization at month's end. Organizations need to understand how they are truly utilizing each workload to accurately evaluate cloud options," the researchers said in the report.

TSO Logic recommends that organizations take the time to "right-size" their workloads for the cloud, and take advantage of the many different size options on offer from cloud megavendors like Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure. Otherwise, they risk missing out on the cloud's promise of significant cost-savings.

"Organizations have tried to manually map their current environments to cloud, yet accelerated change and the sheer number of cloud compute options make that impossible now," said Aaron Rallo, CEO of TSO Logic, in a prepared statement.

Besides the over-provisioning issue, TSO Logic noted that businesses that undertake "direct match" migrations to the cloud often do so based on two other incorrect assumptions -- first, that giant cloud vendors like AWS and Azure run the same type of hardware as they do, and second, that these megavendors don't enjoy significant economies of scale.

Regarding that first point, TSO Logic pointed out that public cloud vendors typically have much newer hardware than what a lot of businesses currently have on-premises. That hardware advantage means cloud providers can often provide better and faster performance at lower costs -- as long as businesses don't insist on maintaining the same exact configurations in the cloud that they used on-premises.

"The older the hardware in the current environment, the more economical cloud becomes," the researchers said. For example, migrating 2012-era servers to more modern hardware in the cloud could slash costs by about 50 percent, according to the study. The savings is even more pronounced -- 70 percent -- when migrating 2009-era servers.

The second incorrect assumption, related to cloud vendors' economies of scale, is tied to the first. The cost of operating these newer-generation servers en masse is much more economical for cloud megavendors than it would be to run them individually inside a single organization's datacenter. The savings from using these newer hardware configurations in the cloud could potentially be passed down to customers, if they know to take advantage of the correct configurations.

"Considering that large public cloud providers use the latest-generation hardware, and receive bulk pricing for that hardware at massive scales, cloud providers are inherently positioned to deliver superior price/performance than most organizations can achieve on their own," the researchers wrote. "To realize those savings, however, organizations must be able to map current workloads to future cloud offerings."

About the Author

Gladys Rama is the site editor for


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